Following is an excerpt from a chapter in my upcoming book, The Role of the Remnant in the End of Time, which explores the prophetic nature of Rosh Hashanah (also known as the Feast of Trumpets).
“First, let us look at the most common Christian understanding about the prophetic nature of Rosh Hashanah, which sees all believers in Christ resurrected to eternal life with God on that day. Rosh Hashanah will then be followed by the Ten Days of Awe that represent the Great Tribulation, so believers in Christ will have been “raptured” before the Great Tribulation begins. The people of Israel will then have to prove their faith in God during a period of intense trial (the Great Tribulation). At the end of the Ten Days of Awe comes Yom Kippur, which many Christians see as the judgement and resurrection of God’s people, Israel (those from Israel whom God deems to be worthy). Then Sukkot, which occurs five days after Yom Kippur, speaks of a time of celebration for the end of God’s work.
My research from Scripture on the remnant totally contradicts this common Christian theology. I will offer supporting evidence from Scripture, and also from relevant Jewish traditions that have been derived from Scripture, to suggest that it will only be God’s remnant (from both Israel and believers in Christ) that will be resurrected at the beginning of the Great Tribulation on Rosh Hashanah. In the Book of Revelation we see this remnant returning to earth with their Lord Yeshua to defeat Satan and his army, which will bring an end to the Great Tribulation and will be followed by a judgment on Yom Kippur for those who lived during the 7-year period of intense trial. The rest of God’s people, both Jew and Gentile, will have to wait until after the Millennial Kingdom ends to be resurrected into God’s presence, and much will occur before that event happens.”
At this time I will offer only one provocative thought about Rosh Hashanah, the name used for this festival by the Jews (Christians tend to prefer the Feast of Trumpets, or Yom Teruah). There are only two passages in the Torah that speak of this annual festival (Lev 23:23-25; Num 29:1-6). The New American Standard Version displays in italics words that have been added by the editors for clarification, which are actually a form of interpretation. The word “trumpets” is one of these added words (the Hebrew simply says “blowing”). What is important is that these two passages do not tell us whether one or more trumpets will be blown on that day.
We will learn that the blast of one trumpet called the leaders of Israel to come to the tent of meeting (later the temple), that is, into the presence of God, and these leaders are identified in Scripture as a remnant. The blast of two trumpets, on the other hand, summoned all the people, which occurred at a different time from the call of the leaders.
Furthermore, there is no literal explanation as to the purpose of this festival. Therefore, we must be aided in our search to discover the purpose by considering relevant Jewish traditions that have nevertheless been derived from Scripture.
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