Rosh HaShanah (Head of the Year) is celebrated on the first day of the seventh month, which is Tishri. The rabbis believed the seventh month was unique because "all sevenths are beloved above" and that "time itself is sanctified by sevenths". For example, God blessed the seventh day as the Shabbat (Sabbath), the seventh year as the Sh'mittah (year of release), and the seven cycles of seven years as the Yovel (the Jubilee). This day is also the beginning of the New Year for years in which some sages believe it commemorates the Day of Creation.
Additionally, there are numerous names for the festival of Rosh Hashanah. This includes the Day of the Shofar, the Day of the Awakening Blast, the Day of the Coronation, the Day No Man Knows, the Day of Judgment, the Day of the Wedding, the Day of the Opening of the Gates, and the Day of Remembrance. Along with these names are a variety of themes such as repentance, remembrance, judgment, coronation, the wedding and the sounding the Shofar.
One very significant name for Rosh HaShanah is Yom HaKiseh or Day of the throne, but which can also mean the Day of Concealment. This name became associated with Rosh HaShanah because on this day the new moon was considered to be hidden or concealed and on this day the Kingdom would be revealed. The moon was well understood to represent Israel as she waxes and wanes in her relationship to the Father, and for believers to Yeshua the Messiah. The new moon is also a picture of the righteous being hidden in the world who would ultimately be revealed at the time of the Messianic Kingdom.
Psalm 81:3 points to this imagery and it literally translates, "Blow at the New Moon, the Shofar, at Kiseh for the Day of our festival, because a decree for Israel, it is a judgment for the God of Jacob". The moon becomes brighter by the light of the sun during the lunar cycle in the same way Israel is being progressively revealed by Messiah's light. Verse six tells us it is a testimony for Joseph. The name Joseph has an extra letter "hey" and the meaning of this letter is "to reveal". Joseph is an example of one who had been hidden but then was revealed. Joseph had been in prison and was revealed only when the cupbearer finally remembered him on what the sages say was a Rosh HaShanah, the Day of Remembrance.
It was then that Joseph changed his clothes, was brought quickly to Pharoah and raised up to be second in command. He was concealed but then revealed as he became viceroy. Rosh Hashanah 10b of the Babylonian Talmud teaches that Joseph was released from prison and appointed viceroy of Egypt on "That Day" and that the Shofar was blown as a reminder of his freedom.
Joseph also represents the righteous who are hidden in the world and then revealed at the time of Rosh HaShanah.
Yom HaKiseh is a Day of Concealment and revelation. God will raise us up like he did Joseph on the last day, a Rosh HaShanah, and we will be revealed as the sons of God. Romans chapter 8 refers to the birthpains, which are associated with the time of Rosh HaShanah. Rav Shaul tells us that the "whole creation has been groaning as with the pains of childbirth". Even more significant is that " creation waits eagerly for the sons of God to be revealed". The Sons of God, the people of Israel, the true believers will ultimately be revealed on a Rosh HaShanah at the time of the Messianic Kingdom. We look forward to That Day.
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