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Zephaniah’s Prophecy of End Times

Written by Anne Davis. Posted in

Zephaniah prophesied Jerusalem’s destruction, but his words are also prophetic of the Great Tribulation and the Millennial Kingdom that will follow.

Have you ever studied the Book of Zephaniah? He is one of the 12 Minor Prophets who lived in Jerusalem before the Babylonian exile. You will now find on the BibleInteract website at a new activity that is a study of the Book of Zephaniah. You must be a Member or Partner to participate.

I was drawn to Zephaniah because I was working on the role of the remnant in the end of time. He clearly prophesies of the Millennial Kingdom. “The wolf will dwell with the lamb, and the leopard will lie down with the young goat, and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little boy will lead them” (Is 11:6). What a graphic description of a time of peace when God’s Law will be honored and enforced throughout the world!

However, what really caught my attention was Zephaniah’s prophetic words about the Remnant. “It will happen on that day that the Lord will again recover the second time with His hand the remnant of His people, who will remain [“remain” in Hebrew is another word for the Remnant]” (Is 11:6, 11). The “first time” refers to those who returned to the land of Israel from the Babylonian Captivity, and Scripture clearly calls this small group “a remnant”. The “second time” will be during the Great Tribulation, and my research finds this Remnant entering the Millennial Kingdom. So, Zephaniah connects his prophecy of a Kingdom of Peace, which will be ruled by the Messiah, with a Remnant.

There is so much more in Zephaniah about the End of Time. For example, Zephaniah speaks for God and declares, “The remainder [a Hebrew word for the Remnant] of My people will inherit [“inherit” is the Hebrew word yarash; see below] them [the people of Moab and Amon who will NOT enter the Millennial Kingdom]” (Zep 2:9). The Hebrew word yarash has two different but related meanings. One is “to inherit” and the other is “to possess”. “Possess” means to defeat the enemy and possess or conquer the land. Thus, the inheritance is a promise, but those to whom God gives the promise as a gift [God does not renege on promises] must then be prepared to possess the land, which will occur in some future time or times. I have found that the Remnant will be found worthy to “possess” the land first, and they will enter the Millennial Kingdom with the Messiah. I suggest that all the rest of God’s people will be not be found worthy to “possess and defeat the enemy” until the end of the Millennial Kingdom. The Exodus from Egypt appears to be prophetic of this prophecy when all the rest of God’s people will be able to come into His presence. We are told that “all the sons of Israel did just as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron” (Ex 12:50). Therefore, they were all righteous by obeying the Law of God. However, I think the most compelling verse is Exodus 12:41: “All the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt” (Ex 12:41). The Hebrew word translated “hosts” gives us an image of a marching, powerful army that will defeat any enemy, and it was “all” the hosts of the Lord, meaning all the people of Israel who left Egypt and entered the wilderness of Sinai when the Red Sea parted.

Be sure and check out the new activity on the website,, where you will have fun learning about the prophet Zephaniah.

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